How to Choose a Career: Cerebral
Palsy Career Builder for Middle School
By Jim Hasse, ABC, GCDF, Disability Employment Expert
How to choose a career may seem like a daunting task for your middle
school student with cerebral palsy (CP), but the good news is that he or she is
literally not alone. And, that good news applies to all of us -- those of us who are young and not-so-young, those of who are abled and disabled.
And, here's a third bit of good news: We don’t have to learn from scratch how to pick a particular a
career. Our past experiences and the meaning we ascribe to them at the present
moment often have a large influence on the decisions we make about our vocations.
In the American culture, we are what
we do. More frequently we are asked “What do you do?” instead of “Who are you?”
And, for those in junior high school, the major field of study they choose
now can help determine whether they’ll find employment that is meaningful for them
10 to 15 years when they first enter the job market of their chosen fields.
More specifically, careers turn out to be the result of a complex mix of
life roles and the “DNA” of those who came before us, observes Judy
Ettinger, Ph.D., L.P.C., from the Center on Education and Work (CEW) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
She cites career development theorist Donald E. Super’s concepts about
career guidance as a platform for her views about how career decisions are
made and how to choose a career. She believes the careers of family members who are important to us
influence our approach to how to choose a career.
Super’s theory is that we develop our perceptions of work and career (and
also refine them) through stages over our lifetimes and that, as a result, our
self-concepts also change with time and experience.
He identified the importance of social policy, employment practices, peer
group, family members, community, and the economy in determining our career
choices. He maintained they are of equal importance to individual factors (such
as our personal values, needs, interests, intelligence, and aptitudes) in how to choose a career.
Which family members influence
your youngster’s choice of a
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During a CEW 2011 Summer Institute workshop, Ettinger introduced an exercise
which builds on Super’s theories. She used the concept of “genograms” to help
attendees trace the influence of their past patterns and current environment on
their career decisions. She calls it “a narrative approach to career
She asked the workshop of career coaches and
counselors to draw their family trees with a career perceptive in mind.
I drew mine -- with a box for myself at the bottom of a blank sheet of paper,
individual boxes for my mother and father in the second, my grandparents on
each side of my family on the third tier and finally my influential aunts,
uncles, cousins and influential people outside my family in the top tier of the
In each of the boxes, I noted the individual’s relationship to me, his or
her particular career and the person’s outstanding characteristics.
Then, as I examined my genogram, I asked myself the following seven
questions. Here’s what I discovered while following Ettinger’s exercise.
- What did I learn about myself and my work as I examined my
My preoccupation with writing, even as a child, has become my occupation,
and that was no happenstance. My grandfather on my mother’s side was a
blacksmith and didn’t go beyond sixth grade in school. Yet, he taught
himself math and physics and made plowshares and shoed horses. He tinkered
with the concept of a power lawn mower before it hit the consumer market.
He wrote poetry and taught his new bride how to bake bread (and was known
as the “fix-it” guy in his community).
My mother and father were the first to complete high school and obtain a
post secondary education in their rural area. She first became a school
teacher and, instead of writing poetry (like her father), later wrote and
published more than 1,000 “how-to” articles for magazines and newspapers
such as the Christian Science Monitor.
I remember my mother coaching me outside the
classroom when I was in seventh and eighth grade about how to write concise
poetry and a strong essay.
- What are my positive and negative memories about the past as a
result of my genogram?
As a little boy, I had this urge to build. I would tell people I wanted to
be carpenter -- to the wonderment of my grandmother on my father’s side,
who downplayed my dream because she knew it was unrealistic because I had
CP and have difficulty walking and talking.
When I was about eight years old, I remember playing "preacher"
in the backyard with my cousins. At the time, I had an uncle and great
uncle on my father's side who were pastors, and we would take turns
"preaching" in no-sense language we thought closely resembled
what came across to us as children in their respective congregations as
they spoke from the pulpit on Sunday mornings. I naively thought I could
do a better job of communicating with the entire congregation than they
did, even though my own speech was garbled due to my CP. In college,
it occurred to me in a lighthearted discussion with one of my classmates
that I may have been an architect in my former life.
I now realize my creativity also came from my father, who, as a farmer,
was quite innovative. He invented a barn drier system for hay bales and
was one of the first in his community to build contour strips around his
farm’s hillsides to prevent soil erosion.
- What messages did I receive from my family about work roles and
about choosing a career?
Everyone in my family worked. I even washed dishes in the kitchen as a
six-year-old and baled hay while in college, even though I couldn’t walk
without crutches. But, I didn’t understand why the kids in a family should
have to help earn the family income (such as helping on the farm). During
grade school, I lived with four different “week-day house parents” at
separate times over a span of seven years in a city where I could receive
daily physical therapy.
From those four families, I lived under a variety of work models (where
the children didn’t have to work because the parents were janitors,
factory workers, school teachers, or people managers). I learned there was
a life beyond farming and watched people outside my family learn how to choose a career.
- Who are the key people in my life and why are they important to
My mom and her youngest brother taught me independence and provided the
means for gaining that independence. In fact, my uncle put in a good word
about me with his boss, and that’s how I got my first job out of college.
From both, I learned the value of consistent practice with a purpose in
mind and that the chief benefit of education was learning how to learn on
your own -- two concepts which came in handy while I was learning how to choose a career.
- In the light of my family, how do I define success and failure?
I believe success is finding my niche where I can effectively serve others
and, as a result, find my sense of purpose. Failure is working with the
goal of becoming best in the world instead of the best for
- Who in my family were most successful? Why?
My mother built a foundation of values for an extended family which has
successfully made the transition from an agrarian tradition in which
apprenticeship was the career builder to one in which formal education has
given her grandchildren the opportunity to pursue a diverse set of
careers: two thriving small business owners, a medical doctor, a
soon-to-be lawyer, a priest, a process engineer, a surgeon and a renewable
- Who do I most want to be like?
My sister, first educated as a medical technologist but now manager
pulp paper mill, reflects much of what my mother (and my
grandmother on my
mother’s side) was all about in terms of acquiring “people skills”
building a life based on serving others. In switching fields of
endeavor, she learned how to choose a career that was appropriate for
her time and place.
I see my father's creativity and
imagination in my two brothers, who used that agility to successfully
navigate major structural shifts in forestry and in farming during their
careers. Again, each learned how to choose a career that was viable amid changing circumstances.
Do you see why I became a corporate communication executive (my first
career) and a disability employment writer (my second career)?
As a mentor, you can use this exercise (developing a personal genogram and
using the seven questions above to explore it) to help your middle school
student with CP understand the process of career exploration and eventually learn how
to choose a career.
Which family members influence
your youngster’s choice of a
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